Josef Albers (1888, Bottrop -1976, New Haven, Connecticut) was a painter, poet, theorist, and sometime educator at the landmark Bauhaus. He is best known for the series of works Homage to the Square, his iconic series of abstract paintings. Albers participated in documenta 1 in 1955 and documenta 4 in 1968.
In 1933, he immigrated to the United States and taught at the legendary Black Mountain College. Among his students were Cy Twombly, Richard Serra and Robert Rauschenberg. Albers was concerned with perceptual theory and color theory. His art educational work, as well as the book Interaction of Color, published in 1963, in which he explains the principles of color theory, formed the basis for art education in the 20th century, both in Europe and in the United States.
Albers' work had a major influence on the emergence of American color field painting. His geometric-optical approaches make him one of the pioneers of Op Art. His work can be classified as Concrete Art.
"In visual perception, a color is almost never seen for what it really is, that is, for what it physically is. Thus color becomes the most relative means of art." - Josef Albers